Upper branches of a large container-grown Quercus shumardii (Shumard Oak)
Close-up of the wide-lobed leaves of Quercus shumardii (Shumard Oak)

Quercus shumardii (Shumard Oak) Unity Grown

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Quercus shumardii, Shumard oak, is a large oak tree in the red oak group that grows to 50-70' tall in yard settings, but occasionally to over 100' in the wild. Shumard oak is known for its glossy green leaves which turn to a deep red-brown in the fall. As an oak, Quercus shumardii also produces acorns which are average in appearance and only appear after the tree reaches around 25 years in age. Regarded as a 'botanist's species,' by UT Austin's Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center, Quercus shumardii is easily misidentified as scarlet oak since many of its identifying traits and growth habit are similar.

Shumard oak is an adaptable tree for a variety of locations, withstanding drought and dry soil as well as it does wet soil and seasonal flooding. As an oak, it is a relatively fast-growing species, and serves well as a specimen or shade tree or in rain gardens in a variety of soil conditions. Many species of oak are regarded as important keystone species for their support of larval butterflies and moths as well as wildlife species, and Quercus shumardii is no different; Shumard oak is a host to caterpillars of imperial moth, as well as several species duskywing moth and hairstreak butterfly. In addition to insect value, all sorts of wildlife eat Shumard oak acorns, including white-tailed deer, wild turkey, and various species of songbird, squirrel, and waterfowl.

Straight Species, Native to U.S., and Native to Maryland
Mature Tree Height: Large: over 30 feet
Sun (6+ hours)
Soil Moisture: Medium to Dry and Well-drained
Soil Type: Wide Tolerance
Bloom Time: Spring
Flower Color: Green
Foliage Color: Green
Features: Attracts Butterflies, Attracts Pollinators, Attracts Wildlife, Attracts Birds, Host Plant for Butterflies or Moths, Keystone Plant, and Fall Color
Tolerances: Wet Soil Tolerant, Flood Tolerant, Drought Tolerant, Clay Soil Tolerant, and Black Walnut Tolerant
Garden Type: Meadow, Rain Garden, Specimen Tree, and Shade Tree

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