Large, mature Ilex verticillata grown as B&B trees.

Ilex verticillata (Winterberry Holly)

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Ilex verticillata, commonly known as winterberry holly, is a holly variety without the sharp-spined leaves of species like American holly, and is additionally deciduous unlike evergreen holly varieties. Foliage is typically glossy green with purple tinged, but darkens to purple-black after the first frost of the season. From spring into the summer, winterberry holly produces inconspicuous white flowers that attract many kinds of pollinators.

In addition, as a dioecious plant, male and female winterberries have to both be present in a site for successful pollination; you can match a female winterberry holly with a male pollinator cultivar like 'Jim Dandy' or 'Southern Gentleman' by planting one male per 10-20 females. Following successful pollination, Ilex verticillata produces attractive, bright red berries that persist through the fall and winter, supporting bird populations.

Typically reaching 8-10' tall, though occasionally pushing 15-20', winterberry holly has an upright growth habit with a vase-like or globular shape and a spread of 3-12'. Overall a very versatile plant, Ilex verticillata is resistant to salt, wet soil, and deer damage, and can be used in rain, pollinator, children's gardens as well as naturalized areas or woodland gardens. Winterberry holly is an attractive addition to any landscape, and has the ecological appeal to match.

Native to Eastern Shore, Native to Maryland, Native to U.S., and Straight Species
Mature Plant Height: Very Tall: 73" and up
Sun (6+ hours), Part Shade/Sun (4-6 hours of sun), Full Shade (less than 4 hours of sun), and Sun to Shade-Wide Tolerance
Soil Moisture: Medium to Wet and Well-drained
Soil Type: Average, Acidic, and Wide Tolerance
Bloom Time: Spring and Summer
Flower Color: White
Foliage color: Green
Features: Attracts Birds, Attracts Butterflies, Attracts Pollinators, Host Plant for Butterflies or Moths, Berries, Winter Interest, and Erosion Control
Tolerances: Clay Soil Tolerant, Wet Soil Tolerant, Deer Tolerant, and Salt Tolerant
Garden Type: Pollinator Garden, Woodland Garden, Wetland Restoration, Specimen Tree, Rain Garden, and Foundation Planting

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