Echinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower) Unity Grown

Echinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower) Unity Grown

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A classic native perennial, Echinacea purpurea, also called purple coneflower, is a popular, upright wildflower that blooms profusely from mid summer to fall. A versatile and adaptable choice for a variety of home gardens, purple coneflower attracts butterflies, hummingbirds, and a variety of birds and bees. Growing best in full sun to part shade, Echinacea purpurea can be used in meadows, prairies, perennial beds and borders, and even forest edge environments, and they also work great for cut flower arrangements. Echinacea purpurea ranks 3.6 out of 5 possible points in Mt. Cuba Center's Trial Gardens for their attractiveness to pollinators and adaptability to various conditions.

Typically growing 2-4 feet tall and 18-24" wide, purple coneflower freely self-seeds and can become aggressive spreader if not thinned out. However, if you're looking to do a large-scale pollinator garden or meadow rehabilitation project, this spread can be a great attribute; care should be taken with planting in small spaces. Echinacea purpurea is drought and deer tolerant, thrives in dry to medium moisture, well drained soils, but can tolerate rocky, sandy, or clay-rich soils. Spent flowers can be deadheaded to promote additional blooms, though dead flowers can also be left to provide seed for birds. Plants can be thinned and propagated by division in early spring or fall.

These selections of Echinacea purpurea were grown from seed here at Unity Church Hill Nursery.

Native to Maryland, Native to U.S., Native to Eastern Shore, and Straight Species
Mature Plant Height: Medium: 30-48"
Part Shade/Sun (4-6 hours of sun) and Sun (6+ hours)
Soil Moisture: Medium to Dry, Well-drained, and Dry
Soil Type: Wide Tolerance and Poor
Bloom Time: Summer and Fall
Flower Color: Purple and Pink
Foliage color: Green
Features: Attracts Birds, Attracts Hummingbirds, Attracts Pollinators, Attracts Butterflies, Host Plant for Butterflies or Moths, Mt Cuba Top Performer, and Winter Interest
Tolerances: Black Walnut Tolerant, Salt Tolerant, Drought Tolerant, and Clay Soil Tolerant
Garden Type: Pollinator Garden, Woodland Garden, Rock Garden, and Small Space

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