Celtis occidentalis (Hackberry)
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Celtis occidentalis, commonly called hackberry, is a large native tree commonly found on riverside and floodplain areas. Hackberry grows to 50-70' tall and the bark of young trees stands out in the environment, with clumpy warts that mature to cork-like ridges as trees age. With wide adaptability to soil conditions and tolerance to heat, drought, and salt, Celtis occidentalis is a great choice for lawn plantings and for naturalization in woodland gardensIn the spring months, insignificant flowers are produced along hackberry's branches, which turn to purplish berry-like fruits in the warmer summer months, and persist through the early fall. Hackberries are a favorite of birds and small mammals, and this wildlife interest helps to disperse hackberry seeds.