Pyrus communis 'Anjou' (European Pear)

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Pyrus communis, commonly referred to as the common or European pear, is a species of pair tree native to central Europe and the Middle East, from which a large variety of pear cultivars are descended. Pyrus communis typically flowers in the spring, and produces edible fruit.

The 'Anjou' cultivar, also called the 'Beurré d'Anjou,' is one of the original few commercially produced pear cutlivars, and was created in Belgium or France sometime in the 19th century! 'Anjou' grows to between 15' and 20' tall, though some dwarf cultivars may grow smaller. Most commercially available pear trees are actually grafted, where the rootstock is chosen for hardiness and tolerance of a wide-variety of soil conditions, and the rootstock typically determines the tree's size. In this case, the top half of the 'Anjou' graft was selected for its juicy, fragrant, buttery-soft fruits and its moderate resistant to fire blight.

'Beurré d'Anjou' begins flowering with 5-petaled white blooms in late spring to early summer, and mature fruit set follows by the fall; the late spring to early summer window of May and June is important, as pear trees rely on cross-pollination to produce fruit, so at least one nearby pear tree of a different cultivar with a similar bloom window is a necessity - 'Moonglow' is one such cultivar. Pyrus communis flowers are attractive, fragrant, and a valuable food source to butterflies and other pollinators. In the fall, after fruit set, leaves turn to beautiful shades of red and yellow, adding further interest.

Mature Tree Height: Medium: 15 to 30 feet
Deciduous
Sun (6+ hours)
Soil Moisture: Medium and Well-drained
Soil Type: Loam, Rich Organic Matter, and Wide Tolerance
Bloom Time: Spring and Summer
Flower Color: White
Foliage Color: Green
Features: Attracts Birds, Attracts Butterflies, Attracts Pollinators, Fall Color, Fragrant, and Fruit
Tolerances: Clay Soil Tolerant
Garden Type: Pollinator Garden, Meadow, and Specimen Tree

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